Blockchain in Healthcare Today <p><strong>Blockchain in Healthcare Today (BHTY) </strong>is the world’s first peer reviewed open access journal that amplifies and disseminates distributed ledger technology research and innovations in the healthcare information systems, clinical computing, network technologies and biomedical sciences.<em> </em>Fields of interest include utility for data integrity, privacy preservation, health information systems interoperability, permissioned security for health data, clinical support and clinical trials management, supply chain management, revenue cycle automation, cost and impact, and the integration of AI and machine learning tools in this emerging specialty field of research.</p> <p>The preeminent international journal is published on a continuous basis to accelerate sharing rigorously vetted theoretical and experiential knowledge required for a global multi-disciplinary ecosystem. A world-class peer review board includes constructive commentary to strengthen work.</p> Partners in Digital Health, 241 Hamilton Avenue, Suite 21 Stamford, CT 06902, USA en-US Blockchain in Healthcare Today 2573-8240 <p><span style="color: #4b7d92;">Auth</span><span style="color: #4b7d92;">ors retain copyright of their work, with first publication rights granted to Blockchain in Healthcare Today (BHTY). Read the full <a href="">Copyright Statement</a>.</span></p> <p> </p> <p> </p> Ensuring Trust in Pharmaceutical Supply Chains by Data Protection by Design Approach to Blockchains <p>Pharmaceutical supply chains are complex structures including various actors, and blockchains are seen as a promising solution to increase effectiveness and overcome some of the main challenges in these supply chains, especially the lack of trust. However, the European Union has set strict rules in the domain of pharmaceutical supply chains in order to protect patient safety and public health, and using blockchains brings further legal requirements to comply. Among these requirements, personal data protection is of utmost importance because it has been argued, for years, that blockchains and the EU data protection regime are in conflict by their natures. However, it is also claimed that when rightly designed and combined with other technological solutions, blockchains can offer great opportunities to enhance data protection. Nevertheless, blockchains’ potential in pharmaceutical supply chains has not yet been realized as most use cases are in the Proof of Concept or pilot stages.</p> <p>This paper will examine the debates around blockchains and data protection with the objective of drawing constructive conclusions on whether blockchains solutions can be designed in data protection-enhancing ways and whether this can help realize blockchains’ potential in pharmaceutical supply chains, particularly by creating trust. &nbsp;For this purpose, &nbsp;this paper takes the example of an ongoing EU-funded innovative research project called PharmaLedger as a case study to concretize its theoretical examinations. This project is chosen since it gathers together a wide variety of stakeholders representing different interests and aims to create a digital trust ecosystem in healthcare, by providing a widely trusted platform that supports the design and adoption of blockchain-enabled healthcare solutions while accelerating the delivery of innovation that benefits the entire ecosystem from manufacturers to patients.</p> Halid Kayhan Copyright (c) 2022 Halid Kayhan 2022-09-02 2022-09-02 10.30953/bhty.v5.232 Improving End-to-End Traceability and Pharma Supply Chain Resilience with Blockchain <p>Regulating and monitoring a traditionally fragmented pharma supply chain has been a global challenge for decades. Without a trusted system and strong collaboration between stakeholders, threats such as counterfeits can easily intercept the supply chain and cause monumental disruptions. Today, the Covid-19 pandemic has accelerated the need for greater data transparency, better deployment of technology, and improved ways of connecting stakeholder information along the supply chain.</p> <p>There is a need for improved ways of working to help build up supply chain resilience, and one way is by implementing better end-to-end traceability using blockchain technology such as Hyperledger Fabric. This paper will explore the business value that blockchain brings to the pharma supply chain with better end-to-end traceability, with the example of an industry-grade blockchain solution called eZTracker.</p> <p>Through six key features, pharmaceutical manufacturers, patients, and Healthcare Practitioners (HCPs) can now participate in data-sharing, with extended use cases of integrating blockchain with warehouse platforms, a patient-facing mobile application, and an interactive dashboard for real-time verification and data transparency. Beyond anti-counterfeit verification, other potential use cases include effective product recall management, cold chain monitoring, e-product information and more.</p> <p>The effectiveness of a traceability solution is heavily dependent on the amount of data collected and is affected by poor adoption and scalability. Existing limitations that need to be addressed include the lack of mandated serialisation in Asia and blockchain interoperability.</p> <p>To maximise the value of blockchain, collaboration is key. Pharmaceutical manufacturers need to invest in new technologies such as blockchain, to help them break out of data silos, and operationalise data to build supply chain resilience.</p> Corinne Sim Haisheng Zhang Marianne Louise Chang Copyright (c) 2022 Corinne Sim, Marianne Louise Chang 2022-08-13 2022-08-13 10.30953/bhty.v5.231 Blockchain in Healthcare Today 2022 Predictions <p>Each year Blockchain and Healthcare Today reaches out to journal board members, annual ConV2X Symposium speakers and ecosystem subject matter experts to share their near term views and perspectives for blockchain technology advances in healthcare. Representing perspectives from Asia, Europe and North America, the article presents insights into where authors anticipate market opportunities and gaps that should be addressed for regional and global collaboration, governance and efficiency for the year 2022.</p> Daniel Conway Mohan Venkataraman Daniel Laverick Gabriela Pelin Anton Hasselgren Copyright (c) 2022 Daniel Conway 2022-01-31 2022-01-31 10.30953/bhty.v5.194 From Sharing to Selling <p>During the COVID-19 pandemic, we witnessed how sharing of biological and biomedical data have facilitated the researchers, medical practitioners and policymakers to tackle the pandemic at a global scale. Despite the growing use of EHR by medical practitioners and wearable digital gadgets by individuals, 80% of the health and medical data remain unused, adding little value to the researchers and medical practitioners. Legislative constraints related to health data sharing, centralised siloed design of traditional data management systems and most importantly, lack of incentivisation models are thought to be the underpinning bottlenecks for sharing health data.</p> <p>With the advent of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) of the EU and the development of technologies like blockchain and distributed ledger technologies (DLT), it is now possible to create a new paradigm of data sharing by changing the incentivisation model from current authoritative or altruistic form to a shared economic model where financial incentivisation will be the main driver for data sharing. This can be achieved by setting up a digital health data marketplace (DHDM).</p> <p>Here we reviewed papers that proposed technical models or implemented frameworks that use blockchain-like technologies for health data. We seek to understand and compare different technical challenges associated with implementing and optimising the DHDM operation outlined in these papers. We also examined the legal limitations in the context of European Union and other countries such as the USA to accommodate any compliance requirement for such a marketplace. Last but not least, we reviewed papers that investigated the short, medium and long terms socioeconomic impact of such a marketplace on a wide range of stakeholders.</p> Mohamed Maher Imtiaz Khan Copyright (c) 2022 Mohamed Maher, Imtiaz Khan 2022-01-31 2022-01-31 10.30953/bhty.v5.184