https://blockchainhealthcaretoday.com/index.php/journal/issue/feed Blockchain in Healthcare Today 2020-10-29T11:03:46-07:00 Tory Cenaj t.cenaj@partnersindigitalhealth.com Open Journal Systems Blockchain in Healthcare Today (BHTY) is the preeminent open-access international peer-review journal for strategic thought leaders, new-era practitioners, and future society stakeholders engaged in blockchain technology and intersecting innovations in healthcare. The online only journal is published on a continuous basis in order to accelerate sharing of rigorously vetted theoretical and experiential knowledge required for a growth sector. A world-class peer-review board endeavors to offer rapid, peer-review (14 days), and includes constructive commentary to strengthen work. https://blockchainhealthcaretoday.com/index.php/journal/article/view/144 Open Data: Implications on Privacy in Healthcare Research 2020-10-29T11:03:41-07:00 David Chen dchen362@uwo.ca <p>The advent of open data in health care has increased healthcare innovation, with the publication of complete datasets aggregated by private and public entities that lead to efficiency through crowdsourcing working code, facilitating research into personalized medicine, and publishing reproducible data pipelines for experimental validation.</p> <p>However, there lacks an internationally recognized definition for health data governance at the scope of individual health data and open source big data, which bring about a discussion about the implications of open data on data privacy. First, healthcare data sourced directly from public healthcare systems: by whom and for what purpose is these data used for within the context of healthcare research. Second, health data from private research: the regulations needed for mutual disclosure. Third, personal user-generated health data: safeguards in a digital era needed to prevent misappropriation and abuse.</p> <p>This paper addresses the opportunities of open data in healthcare research in a digital age without transparent regulation. The consequence of open data on privacy leads to a framework of four safeguards for stakeholders: public education, operational transparency, regulation for accountability, and validation of research ethics. It also pioneers public policy direction for a balanced agenda between privacy and healthcare research.</p> 2020-09-21T02:43:00-07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://blockchainhealthcaretoday.com/index.php/journal/article/view/140 Trust-by-Design: Evaluating Issues and Perceptions within Clinical Passporting 2020-10-29T11:03:42-07:00 Will Abramson will.abramson@napier.ac.uk Nicole E van Deursen n.vandeursen@napier.ac.uk William J Buchanan w.buchanan@napier.ac.uk <p>A substantial administrative burden is placed on healthcare professionals as they manage and progress through their careers. Identity verification, pre-employment screening and appraisals: the bureaucracy associated with each of these processes takes precious time out of a healthcare professional's day. Time that could have been spent focused on patient care. In the midst of the COVID-19 crisis, it is more important than ever to optimize these professionals' time. This paper presents the synthesis of a design workshop held at the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh (RCPE) and subsequent interviews with healthcare professionals. The main research question posed is whether these processes can be re-imagined using digital technologies, specifically Self-Sovereign Identity? A key contribution in the paper is the development of a set of user-led requirements and design principles for identity systems used within healthcare. These are then contrasted with the design principles found in the literature. The results of this study confirm the need and potential of professionalising identity and credential management throughout a healthcare professional's career.</p> 2020-07-09T00:00:00-07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://blockchainhealthcaretoday.com/index.php/journal/article/view/120 OpenPharma Blockchain on FHIR: An Interoperable Solution for Read-Only Health Records Exchange through Blockchain and Biometrics 2020-10-29T11:03:43-07:00 Gracie Carter gcarter7@students.kennesaw.edu Ben Chevellereau ben.chevallereau@certara.com Hossain Shahriar hshahria@kennesaw.edu Sweta Sneha ssneha@kennesaw.edu <p>The healthcare system in the United States is unique. From payor to provider, patients have the freedom of choice. This creates a complicated and profitable paradigm of care. Legislation defines government expectations of data exchange; however, the methods are left to the discretion of the stakeholders. Today, devices and programs are not built to unified standards, thus they do not share data easily. This communication between software is known as interoperability. We address the health data interoperability by leveraging Fast Health Interoperable Resource (FHIR) standard, a viewer of FHIR called OpenPharma, and Blockchain technology. Our proof of concept, called “OpenPharma Blockchain on FHIR” (OBF), is interoperable by design and grants clinicians access to patient records using a combination of data standards, distributed applications, patient-driven identity management, and the Ethereum blockchain. OBF is a trustless, secure, decentralized, and vendor-independent method for information exchange. It is easy to implement and places the control of records with the patients.</p> 2020-06-23T00:00:00-07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://blockchainhealthcaretoday.com/index.php/journal/article/view/134 The Last Mile: DSCSA Solution Through Blockchain Technology: Drug Tracking, Tracing, and Verification at the Last Mile of the Pharmaceutical Supply Chain with BRUINchain 2020-10-29T11:03:44-07:00 William Chien, PharmD, MBA hchien@mednet.ucla.edu Josenor de Jesus, PharmD, MBA, FACHE JDDeJesus@mednet.ucla.edu Ben Taylor ben.taylor@ledgerdomain.com Victor Dods, PhD victor.dods@ledgerdomain.com Leo Alekseyev, PhD leo.alekseyev@ledgerdomain.com Diane Shoda shoda@greyscaling.com Perry B. Shieh, MD, PhD PShieh@mednet.ucla.edu <p><strong>Purpose</strong>: As part of the FDA’s DSCSA Pilot Project Program, UCLA and its solution partner, LedgerDomain (collectively referred to as the team hereafter), focused on building a complete, working blockchain-based system, BRUINchain, which would meet all the key objectives of the Drug Supply Chain Security Act (DSCSA) for a dispenser operating solely on commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) technology.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> The BRUINchain system requirements include scanning the drug package for a correctly formatted 2D barcode, flagging expired product, verifying the product with the manufacturer, and quarantining suspect and illegitimate products <em>at the last mile:</em> pharmacist to patient, the most complex area of the drug supply chain.</p> <p>The authors demonstrate a successful implementation where product-tracing notifications are sent automatically to key stakeholders, resulting in enhanced timeliness and reduction in paperwork burden. At the core of this effort was a blockchain-based solution to track and trace changes in custody of drug. As an immutable, time-stamped, near-real-time (50-millisecond latency), auditable record of transactions, BRUINchain makes it possible for supply chain communities to arrive at a single version of the truth. BRUINchain was tested with real data on real caregivers administering life-saving medications to real patients at one of the busiest pharmacies in the United States.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> In addition to communicating with the manufacturer directly for verification, BRUINchain also initiated suspect product notifications. During the study, a 100% success rate was observed across scanning, expiration detection, and counterfeit detection; and paperwork reduction from approximately 1 hour to less than a minute.</p> <p>The authors demonstrate a successful implementation where product-tracing notifications are sent automatically to key stakeholders, resulting in enhanced timeliness and reduction in paperwork burden. At the core of this effort was a blockchain-based solution to track and trace changes in custody of drug. As an immutable, time-stamped, near-real-time (50-millisecond latency), auditable record of transactions, BRUINchain makes it possible for supply chain communities to arrive at a single version of the truth. BRUINchain was tested with real data on real caregivers administering life-saving medications to real patients at one of the busiest pharmacies in the United States.</p> <h2>&nbsp;</h2> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> By automatically interrogating the manufacturer’s relational database with our blockchain-based system, our results indicate a projected DSCSA compliance cost of 17 cents per unit, and potentially much more depending on regulatory interpretation and speed of verification. We project that this cost could be reduced with manufacturers’ adoption of a highly performant, fully automated end-to-end system based on digital ledger technology (DLT). In an examination of the interoperability of such a system, we elaborate on its capacity to enable verification in real time without a human in the loop, the key feature driving lower compliance cost. With 4.2 billion prescriptions being dispensed each year in the United States, DLT would not only reduce the projected per-unit cost to 13 cents per unit (saving $183 million in annual labor costs), but also serve as a major bulwark against bad or fraudulent transactions, reduce the need for safety stock, and enhance the detection and removal of potentially dangerous drugs from the drug supply chain to protect U.S. consumers.</p> 2020-03-12T00:00:00-07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://blockchainhealthcaretoday.com/index.php/journal/article/view/126 Predictions for Blockchain in 2020 2020-10-29T11:03:44-07:00 George T. Mathew, MD, MBA, FACP james.mathews1951@gmail.com Dennis A Porto, MD, MPH DennisPorto@alumni.harvard.edu Ron Ribitzky, MD ron@rdribitzky.com Susan Ramonat sramonat@spirituspartners.com Uli C Broedl, MD uli.broedl@boehringer-ingelheim.com Kevin A Clauson, PharmD kevin.clauson@lipscomb.edu Frank Ricotta frank.ricotta@burstiq.com Tory Cenaj t.cenaj@partnersindigitalhealth.com Anh L Ngo anhlngo@gmail.com <p>During our 2019 ConVerge2Xcelerate (ConV2X) conference in Boston, we focused on the theme "Proving Market Value with Pragmatic Innovation in Healthcare"&nbsp;(see&nbsp;<a href="https://conv2x-2019.eventcreate.com/">https://conv2x-2019.eventcreate.com/</a>). This year, along with BHTY editorial board members, conference speakers were invited to join with Tory Cenaj, Publisher of BHTY, to contribute their&nbsp;expertise and share insights for the near-term landscape of blockchain in healthcare.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> 2020-01-27T00:00:00-08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://blockchainhealthcaretoday.com/index.php/journal/article/view/139 The Fourth Industrial Revolution of Healthcare Information Technology: Key Business Components to Unlock the Value of a Blockchain-Enabled Solution 2020-10-29T11:03:43-07:00 Ann Ingraham, PhD ann@ehtadvisors.com Jim St. Clair jim.stclair@dinocrates.com <p><em>Editor’s note: This article is one of an ongoing series covering topics published in conjunction with the Health Information Management and Systems Society (HIMSS) describing the development of blockchain technology and its applicability to healthcare.</em></p> <p>&nbsp;As described by the World Economic Forum (WEF),<sup><a href="#CIT0001_139">1</a></sup>&nbsp;the fourth industrial revolution is here and is changing business models across every industry vertical. This revolution includes digital technology, big data, artificial intelligence, distributed ledger technology (DLT, or blockchain), and analytics, and represents new ways in which technology is being integrated into societies.</p> <p>This changing interaction with technology will impact business models. Traditional business models are historically based on a centralized framework for delivery of goods and services to the consumer. The new business model is based on the decentralization of the creation and delivery of goods and services. At the core of the new model, organizations must demonstrate value-creation and value-delivery, while ensuring their solutions are secure, scalable, and interoperable to remain competitive. A decentralized business model built on a blockchain framework can provide the decentralization and security needed for this industry shift.&nbsp;</p> 2020-06-08T00:00:00-07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://blockchainhealthcaretoday.com/index.php/journal/article/view/122 Blockchain, Interoperability, and Self-Sovereign Identity: Trust Me, It’s My Data 2020-10-29T11:03:46-07:00 Jim StClair jim.stclair@dinocrates.com Ann Ingraham, PhD ann@ehtadvisors.com Dominic King dom.kinger@gmail.com Michael B. Marchant mbmarchant@ucdavis.edu Fletcher Cotesworth McCraw Fletcher.McCraw@cognizant.com David Metcalf emma.csemiczky@openacademia.net John Squeo, MBA JOHN.SQUEO@ACCENTURE.COM <p>No abstract available.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> 2020-01-06T00:00:00-08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://blockchainhealthcaretoday.com/index.php/journal/article/view/137 The business case for blockchain in health care — part I 2020-03-13T13:58:44-07:00 Ali Loveys ali.loveys@ey.com Chen Zur jr@medcomres.com <p>While an organization might want to focus on a specific emerging technology to solve a business probelm, strong organizations focus on an honest evaluation, internally and externally, to assure the timing and the business value for using the technology is in their best interest.&nbsp; This requires a solution set of knowledge, people, and methodologies coupled with products datas and tools.</p> 2020-03-13T13:22:50-07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://blockchainhealthcaretoday.com/index.php/journal/article/view/128 The Era of Exponential Improvement in Healthcare? 2020-01-21T00:33:19-08:00 Stephanie Carlton jr@medcomres.com 2020-01-06T00:00:00-08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://blockchainhealthcaretoday.com/index.php/journal/article/view/129 Building Blockchain powered Trusted Digital Health Services. Estonia 2020-01-21T00:32:12-08:00 Ain Aaviksoo, MD MPH jr@medcomres.com 2020-01-06T00:00:00-08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://blockchainhealthcaretoday.com/index.php/journal/article/view/131 Design Principles Of The Blockchain Network: Security, Scalability, And Sustainability By Design 2020-01-21T00:28:40-08:00 Nitin Gaur, MD, MPH jr@medcomres.com Francisco Curbera, PhD jr@medcomres.com 2020-01-06T00:00:00-08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://blockchainhealthcaretoday.com/index.php/journal/article/view/130 Validated Use Cases 2020-01-21T00:31:22-08:00 Wendy Charles jr@medcomres.com Kenneth Colon jr@medcomres.com Moderator: Frank Ricotta jr@medcomres.com 2020-01-06T00:00:00-08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://blockchainhealthcaretoday.com/index.php/journal/article/view/132 Blockchain-enabled Seamless Safe Notification Services 2020-01-21T00:27:22-08:00 Vince Albanese jr@medcomres.com 2020-01-06T00:00:00-08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://blockchainhealthcaretoday.com/index.php/journal/article/view/125 Dawn of a New Decade: Looking Forward with BHTY 2020-10-29T11:03:45-07:00 Tory Cenaj teecellc@gmail.com <p>In 2020, Blockchain in Healthcare Today (BHTY) begins its third year of publication.&nbsp;We thank our global community of passionate leaders and early adopters for their support and diligence in making technology innovation in healthcare attainable for both the healthcare consumers who are the key stakeholders in patient-centered care and the broader healthcare system.</p> 2020-01-13T00:00:00-08:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##